With a population of 400,000, Rafsanjan is located in the northwest of Kerman Province. About 45% of its population live in rural areas. The distance between Rafsanjan and the city of Kerman is 110 Kilometers. The city encompasses a land area of about 7678 square kilometers and is inclusive of the districts of Nouq, Ferdows, Kashkooyeh, Sarcheshme and Bahreman. Rafsanjan is surrounded by Zarand from the north, Shahrebabak from the west, Bardseer from the south, and Kerman from the east. Nouq and Ferdows are located in a plain, between two mountain ranges. These districts are the most optimal regions for pistachio harvesting. This product constitutes one of Iran's most principal exports, and Rafsanjan is the epicenter of pistachio production and the largest exporter of this product worldwide.
Climate: The desert region of Rafsanjan has relatively hot summers and chilling winters. There is an expanse of mountainous areas around the city that largely affect its climate. In winter the precipitation is in the form of rain and snow and in summer in the form of rain only. January, February, March, April, and December seethe greatest amount of rainfall.
Rafsanjan’s Economy: Rafsanjan’s pistachio orchards are of high repute globally. Pistachio cultivation and trading is people's number one engagement. The city is also home to some of Iran's largest tiles and ceramics manufacturers. Rafsanjan is the hub of carpet production even though the rugs are offered for sale as Kermani rugs rather than Rafsanjani ones. Another remarkable employer is the nearby Sarcheshmeh copper mines complex known as Nicico.
Historical Attractions: There are many monumental and historical buildings in this city including: castles, water reservoirs, caravanserais, arcades, bazaars, towers, mansions, natural freezers, temples, shrines, hills, mills and archaeological sites. Haj Agha Ali mudbrick compound, Anahita temple, Tootian cave, and Jannatabad castle are among the most notable tourist attractions.
Haj Agha Ali Mudbrick Compound: Being one of the largest of its kind worldwide, Haj Agha Ali mudbrick compound was built in 1768 A.D. by a wealthy merchant known as Zaeemollah Rafsanjani. It encompasses 7000 square meters of ground and believed to be an architectural masterpiece. This Qajar-era structure is situated in the outskirts of Rafsanjan (about 6 kilometers away).
Rafsanjan’s Presidential Museum: The Presidential Museum was founded to showcase the personal and efficial gifts presented by heads of state and other dignitaries and missionaries, during the tenure of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani as Iran's president from 1989 to 1997. In addition to these gifts and commemorative mementos, a plethora of Iran’s contemporary political documents and photo galleries are on display under the aegis of Iran's National Library (http://old.nlai.ir/Default.aspx?alias=old.nlai.ir/en). The museum was established by Shahvand Yusefinejad in 1992 and inaugurated by the Iranian ex-President Mohammad Khatami in 2000.
Other Natural Attractions: There are many more natural attractions in and around Rafsanjan including: Dor valley, Raviz countryside, Rageh valley, Noderhang protected area and sanctuary, Porkan mountain, Hosseinabad spa, Ghasemabad spa, and…
For more about Kerman province and its tourist attractions, please check out this website: http://www.kerman-info.ir/