Vegetable Grafting Workshop

                                                   Vegetable Grafting Workshop                                                 




 

On March 7, 2016, a mixed theoretical and practical vegetable grafting workshop was coordinated in VRU through the joint collaboration of The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the department of Horticulture, and VRU's Chancellor for Cultural Affairs, under the supervision of Dr Hossein Mirdehghan (from the Horticulture Department).

The workshop instructor, Alessandro Amadio from Italy, shared his experience on the technicalities of greenhouse construction and vegetable grafting subtleties with staff members and students alike from the horticulture department.


During the past decades, farmers' awareness of the advantages of 'vegetable grafted seedlings' has given rise to the growing utilization of this technique worldwide, leading to the commercialization of grafting in countries such as Greece, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and Jordan. Vegetable grafted seedlings have exponentially grown particularly in greenhouse and field cultures.

Vegetable grafting is almost a whole new phenomenon in Iran. Few studies have been conducted on grafted seedlings while crop production on fields has largely been overshadowed by soil-borne pathogens including Fusarium and continuous cropping. A traditional remedy for this matter is crop rotation within at least five years which is quite a time-consuming procedure. Therefore, capitalizing on grafting techniques and tolerant rootstocks is a reliable method of tackling these challenges. Producers can boost the productivity of horticultural crops and attain optimum economic growth through grafting.

Considering Iranian farmers' experience in vegetable production through traditional approaches, it seems rather imperative that more state-of-the-art techniques should be introduced. Earlier limited-in-scope studies were conducted in 1976 in Tehran University's horticulture department by grafting 'Charleston Grey' watermelon -which is prone to blossom end rot disorder- onto the tolerant rootstock of 'Mahbubi' watermelon using 'approach' grafting.

Given the development of cucumber production greenhouses in Iran in recent years, a number of studies informed by the experience of the pioneer countries, have been carried out. Similarly, certain research projects initiated by Dr. Hamidreza Karimi and Mahmoud Raghami are underway in Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan which will hopefully benefit Iran's horticultural society.


The four-hour long theoretical level of this workshop was held in VRU's agriculture faculty auditorium. The practical level was held in two discrete phases in the Plant Protection Laboratory 'I' in the afternoon. The practical phase was also enthusiastically embraced by the Horticulture Department staff and students alike, during which various methods including hole, splice, tube, and approach grafting techniques were carried out by Alessandro Amadio and Hamidreza Karimi. The pros and cons of each method were also discussed in detail.
 

   2016/6/5 10:55

5/10 (Number of Voters 7 Person )
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